In Vitro Fertilization (IVF ) Complete Details : Treatment Procedure, Success Rate, Cost

IVF In Vitro Fertilization treatment

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) 2021 : If you are one who is struggling for motherhood and have conceivable issues like infertility and looking for ways to have a baby, then there are variable fertility treatments that would help you have a baby. IVF is one of the best choices you would make. However, the best option to take entirely relies on causes associated with your infertility and your circumstances. Ivf means / full form is In Vitro Fertilization.

In some cases, a person is required to undergo treatment, and in a few cases, both partners are supposed to be given treatment as well. IVF perhaps helps you in getting pregnant if you have any fertility issues. However, IVF doesn’t guarantee you that it would cause pregnancy and IVF may not work for everyone.                      

In Vitro Fertilization : What Is IVF Treatment ? IVF Procedure, Cost, Success Rate  

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is one of the most used ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology) types. It’s the process of fertilizing an egg with sperm outside i.e. in Vitro. It involves complicated processes like stimulating women’s ovulatory process, retrieving eggs from the woman’s fallopian tubes, and fertilizing the egg with sperm in the lab.  The fertilized egg (turned into embryos) is placed in the woman’s uterus to make a successful pregnancy. 

IVF is also regarded as Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART). ART defines several methods that help you conceive a baby. ART includes donating egg or embryo, surrogacy or gestational carriers, and more.   

The two common fertility treatments are practiced most frequently. One is intrauterine insemination (IUI) where healthy sperm is procured and penetrates the uterus when it’s ovulating. The other one is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) where eggs are retrieved from ovaries and fertilized with sperm in the laboratory where they turn into embryos. The fertilized egg is implanted into the uterus.  

Who can opt for In Vitro Fertilization treatment?

In Vitro Fertilization Complete Details

It’s the best option for those who have been diagnosed with the below issues.

  1. Unhealthy egg
  2. The genetic disease of either mother or father
  3. The sperm is not able to survive in the cervical mucus
  4. Issues with fallopian tubes like damaged or blocked or uterus
  5. Low sperm counts
  6. Issues with ovulation
  7. Any health issues that cause harm to sperms or eggs
  8. Males’ sperm low count or unhealthy qualities of sperm  
  9. Women whose age is above 40 and reduced fertility rate
  10. People who are having a genetic disorder can opt for IVF treatment.

Their fertilized egg or embryos get tested at the lab to identify any genetic abnormalities. The physician can penetrate the fertilized egg without any genetic drawbacks.

 Risks associated with In Vitro Fertilization

Just like any surgical operation or medical prescription, there are several issues associated with IVF. They are

  1. Swelling fallopian tubes
  2. Mild headaches
  3. Nausea
  4. Bloating
  5. Bleeding
  6. Breast tenderness
  7. Infection
  8. Depression and mental trauma
  9. Loss of pregnancy or miscarriage
  10. Multiple pregnancies cause premature birth and low birth weight 

Those who have undergone IVF would experience mental disturbance and trauma during the process. You can talk to a physician about any side effects associated with IVF. Thereby you would take prior arrangements to avoid any effects. If you’re disheartened about this process and would come to know the outcome of this process, talking to the people who have fertility issues and IVF would be useful and helpful. You can seek suggestions from the people who have IVF treatment.

Also Check :- What Is The Difference Between In Vitro And In Vivo Fertilization

Affordability and accessibility of IVF treatment

You know, The IVF treatment would be quite a costly affair. The IVF treatment would vary according to a territory, ones’ health condition, and more. The IVF treatment includes consultation fees, medications, ultrasound, laboratory tests, and the IVF process. Therefore, people who want to get In Vitro Fertilization treatment can try other viable treatments like taking fertility drugs or intrauterine insemination.       

Preparation one must make for In Vitro Fertilization

Women, before this IVF treatment, get their ovarian test done including a blood sample, follicle-stimulating hormone. The outcome of this would give clear information on the size and quality of eggs to the doctor. The doctor would take the next call on the uterus. The doctor carries out certain tests like using ultrasound high waves to know the health of the uterus, inserting a scope into the uterus and vagina. These tests help doctors find the health of the uterus and decide the effective way to place the fertilized egg.

Men are required to get their sperm verified at the lab, which will reveal the health of sperm, count of sperm, the shape of sperm. If the sperm count is low and damaged, weak, then the intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) process is required. The ICSI process is required during IVF.

A few factors one must take into account in choosing IVF treatment

  1. Financial, Physical, and emotional disturbances taking place as a result of IVF
  2. Unused embryos
  3. The count of transferring embryos
  4. Risks associated with the number of embryos being transferred. The problem will arise if more than two embryos are transferred.

The Procedure For In Vitro Fertilization

in vitro fertilization ivf
in vitro fertilization ivf

There are few steps involved in carrying out IVF. Below are the few steps most often used to carry out IVF.

  1. Stimulation
  2. Egg reclaiming
  3. Insemination
  4. Egg fertilization or Embryo culture
  5. Transfer


One egg is released in women during the menstruation cycle. However, IVF needs multiple eggs. Multiple eggs increase the likelihood of developing a possible embryo. You will be prescribed medication to increase the number of eggs a woman produces. During this time, blood samples are examined periodically by a physician, and the production of eggs is monitored. You’ll be intimated as to when to retrieve the eggs by the physician. 

2.Egg reclaiming

Getting an egg is called follicular aspiration. Egg retrieving is done with anesthesia. With help of ultrasound, a needle is inserted into the vagina, into the ovary, and the follicle. The inserted needle gets back eggs and fluid from the follicle.


It’s a process of mixing sperm with egg in a glass or container. If that doesn’t materialize, then a doctor would decide the next course of action.

4.Embryo Culture

The fertilized egg or Embryo will be monitored to make sure that they are developing. The fertilized eggs are tested to detect any genetic loopholes at this time.  


The fertilized eggs are placed inside the uterus when they are in good condition enough. This usually takes place after three to four days of fertilization. Pregnancy happens when the fertilized egg is placed in the uterine. A blood test can be used to determine whether you’re pregnant.

First Ivf Baby : Louise Brown

First ivf baby
first test tube baby

IVF treatment has been banned by few countries and regulated the availability of IVF treatment. A few countries have placed restrictions on the availability of IVF including age, costs, and more.

Louise Brown was the first child born as a result of IVF in 1978 successfully. Women who have reached the menopause stage, have male partners whose sperm is unhealthy or weak or low count in sperm, any fertility issues can become pregnant with IVF treatment. A few couples get pregnant without any fertility problems. It’s believed that around eighty lakhs of children took life across the world with help of IVF and similar reproductive techniques. The IVF is referred to as Test-tube babies as the result of IVF.    

The social stigma associated with IVF treatment

A study reported that men see themselves as fewer contributors concerning IVF treatment. A man feels depressed after his female partner gets hormonal injections and physical interventions. Fertility in man is perceived to be a matter of his masculinity. Men, therefore, keep IVF treatment to be secret. 

In Several cases where many men shared the IVF treatment he and his partner have undergone, they are said to have been taunted by a few. In a few cases, it’s viewed as common and given support. Women as compared to men get disturbed mentally and emotionally and deteriorated their mental condition following IVF treatment failure.    

The Unused Embryos

With the consent of woman or couples’ permission, the leftover embryos or eggs can be donated to other women or couples who are in need as ways of third-party reproduction. With intention of producing a successful pregnancy, these additional embryos or fertilized eggs are given to couples or women. 

In some countries like the US women who seek to have an embryo have to undergo a medical examination, reproductive tests to identify the best placement location and cycle timing before Embryo gets transferred. The leftover embryos can be used in research. It’s up to individuals’ choice to dispose of the leftover embryos.

In Vitro Fertilization Pregnancy rate | Ivf success rate

The IVF pregnancy rate has been a positive result. However, it all depends on several factors including maternal age, issues associated with infertility, embryo status, reproductive history, individuals’ lifestyle, and more. Those who are between 22 to 39 likely to get pregnant and women over 41 years are possible to get pregnant with a donor egg. With help of advanced technology, the birth date has been increased from 75% to 80% in 2010.  

What are the advantages and disadvantages of IVF ?

Benefits / advantages of IVF (In Vitro Fertilization)

  1. Anyone can use it
  2. You can conceive a healthy baby
  3. Reduces chances of loss of pregnancy
  4. Enhances the chances of conception
  5. You will have control over the timing
  6. The donated eggs or sperms can be used
  7. If any other fertility treatment is failed, the IVF works

Disadvantages of IVF treatment

  1. Babies born with low weight
  2. Chances of multiple births when more than embryo is placed on the uterus
  3. Loss of pregnancy
  4. During IVF treatment, retrieving egg is a complicated procedure and time-consuming process
  5. Certain side effects like ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome and cancer
  6. Mentally and emotionally get disturbed if IVF treatment is failed

Most Searched IVF FAQ :

  1. What is IVF?
    It is an assisted reproductive technology used to help women conceive a baby.
  2. What is the best age for IVF?
    Women start releasing eggs every month from around 13 years to 50 years old. However, the best age to conceive a baby with IVF is the younger age. The younger you’re, the chances of getting pregnant are higher and better with IVF. The right age of having a baby with IVF is between 20 years to 30 years of age.  
  3. Is IVF procedure painful?
    Most patients have faced no effects at all. During egg retrieval, anesthesia is given to the patient to lessen the pain in the IVF procedure. However, some patients have shown few discomforts like mild cramping, bloating.   
  4. Can I conceive twins with IVF?
    The retrieved egg is fertilized with sperm in a lab by doctors. The fertilized egg or embryos are planted in the woman’s uterus where they grow hopefully. Women with IVF treatment have higher chances of twins up to 25% than normal pregnancy like around 6%.  
  5. Is it possible to choose a baby’s gender with IVF?
    Selecting gender in a fertility clinic is happening quite often. Most people prefer this kind of procedure to choose a particular gender. It happens only before the fertilized egg or embryos are placed in the uterus. You can select the gender by examining the embryos created through IVF.
  6. Does insurance pay for IVF?
    Most Health insurance policy providers haven’t covered IVF and infertility-related expenditures. As a policyholder, you must enquire in this regard and get IVF treatment included in health plans as early as possible.  
  7. Are IVF babies normal and healthy?
    About 10-15% of parents are having fertility issues. The IVF treatment is said to be a boon to those who have fertility issues. Most babies born through IVF are as normal as others and strong and healthy both mentally and physically.
  8. Does IVF work the first time?
    Women with IFV in their first cycle have 33% chances of conceiving a baby. It increases to 60% to 70% chances of having a baby with the attempt of the eighth cycle. One of the major causes of failures of IVF treatment is the quality of the embryo. Since most of the embryos that seem healthy are not able to hold on to the uterus as they would be defective and die than grow. 
  9. Are IVF babies smarter?
    A study was recently conducted and published about IVF babies that children born through IVF treatment are smart enough and performed well academically as compared to normally born children.
  10. Are most IVF babies male or female?
    As infertility issues are rising every day, IVF is chosen mostly by a lot of people. With help of IVF, sex selection can be done by both partners and can decide on the gender of the baby. It entirely depends on the embryo planted on the uterus. 
  11. Is it possible to have normal delivery in IVF?
    Most cases of pregnancies have had a delivery through the vagina. It shows that IVF pregnancies can have a normal delivery.
  12. What is the in Vitro fertilization process?
    In Vitro Fertilization process is a complicated task and an advanced form of assisted reproductive technology. It helps women who have infertility issues with the conception of a child. In IVF, the matured eggs are procured from women’s ovaries and fertilized by sperm at the laboratory. These fertilized eggs or embryos are transferred to a uterus. It takes around three weeks for one full cycle of IVF. This whole process is done with your eggs and your partners’ sperm.         
  13. What are the 5 stages of IVF?
    There are 5 stages involved in IVF.
    1.Stimulation 2. Egg recovery 3. Insemination 4. Embryo culture 5. transfer 
  14. How much does it cost to have in vitro fertilization?
    IVF cost perhaps varies based on the geographical location where you reside and get treatment. However, as per the report, the IVF cycle can cost around $12,000 to $17,000 excluding medication.